1st June 1860


General Information


Between 1850 and 1860, two new states were added to the Union for a total of thirty-three states: Minnesota was admitted in 1858 and Oregon in 1859. The existing territories of New Mexico and Utah were included in the 1860 census as were three new territories: Washington Territory, created in 1853 from Oregon Territory; and Nebraska and Kansas Territories, created from the "Unorganised Territory" in 1854. Washington Territory increased in size in 1859 when Oregon became a state, adding the area of present-day Idaho plus the portions of present-day Montana and Wyoming lying west of the continental divide. The region matching the present bounds of Oklahoma was unofficially called the "Indian Territory." In 1860, for the first time, a census was taken there, but only for non-Indians living in the region. The name lists for the non-Indians in the "Indian Territory" were added to the end of the Arkansas name lists. The remainder of the "Unorganised Territory" left by the creation of Nebraska Territory and the state of Minnesota was included in the 1860 census, enumerated as "Unorganised Dakota Territory."




The 1860 census schedules listed the name of every person in a household with a census day of 1st June 1860. The categories included the following for each person: name; age as of the census day; sex; colour; birthplace; occupation; value of real estate; value of personal estate; whether married within the previous year, whether deaf, dumb, blind, or insane; whether a pauper; whether able to read or speak English; and whether the person attended school within the previous year. No relationships between members of a household were given.




The National Archives and Records Administration microfilm for the 1860 census is contained on 1,438 rolls of 35mm film, series M653, including free schedules and slave schedules.


Gooderson Entries


The Gooderson Archive currently contains records of Goodersons found on eight different pages of the 1860 census. These have been indexed under the names of the heads of all of the individual households, together with a small number of the other members of some households. However, full details of every member of each household (as recorded on the same page of the original census schedule) can be seen by clicking the relevant page number appearing in the end column of the index.


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