1st June 1870


General Information


Between 1860 and 1870 the decade of the Civil War four new states were added to the Union for a total of thirty-seven states: Kansas became a state in 1861, West Virginia in 1863, Nevada in 1864, and Nebraska in 1867. In addition, six new territories were created: Dakota and Colorado Territories in 1861, Arizona and Idaho Territories in 1863, Montana Territory in 1864, and Wyoming Territory in 1868. New Mexico Territory was reduced to its present size with the creation of Arizona and Colorado Territories, as was Washington Territory with the creation of Idaho, Wyoming, and Montana Territories. Kansas was reduced to its present size with the creation of Colorado Territory, as was Nebraska with the creation of Dakota Territories, Montana and Wyoming. Utah Territory was reduced to its present size with the creation of the state of Nevada and Colorado Territory. The "Unorganised Territory," unofficially called the "Indian Territory" was not enumerated for non-Indians in 1870.




The 1870 census schedules listed the name of every person in a household with a census day of 1st June 1870. The categories included the following for each person: name; age as of the census day; month of birth if born during the year; sex; colour; birthplace; occupation; value of real estate; value of personal estate; whether married within the previous year; month of marriage if married within the previous year; whether deaf, dumb, blind, or insane; whether able to read or write; whether father or mother of foreign birth; and whether the person attended school within the previous year. No relationships between members of a household were shown.




The National Archives and Records Administration microfilm for the 1870 census is contained on 1,748 rolls of 35mm film, mostly in series M593. Some Minnesota schedules were filmed with series M593 on rolls 716-719. The entire Minnesota state copy is on series T132, rolls 1-13.


Gooderson Entries


The Gooderson Archive currently contains records of Goodersons found on five different pages of the 1870 census. Although these have so far been indexed only under the names of the heads of individual households, full details of all other members of each household (as recorded on the same page of the original census schedule) can be seen by clicking the relevant page number appearing in the end column of the index.


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